– courtesy of www.kupu.maori.nz
A pronoun is a word we use for a person instead of using their name.
Here are some examples of pronouns in English: I, me, he, him, she, her, they, them, we etc.
In Māori we use pronouns in a slightly different manner. We use the same pronoun for male and female when referring to him or her / he or she (ia). We also specify which ‘we’ we are talking about; whether it includes the listener or not – inclusive (of listener) or – exclusive (of listener). For example; māua = we (2 people) exclusive of listener tāua = we (2 people) inclusive of listener.
|First person||au, ahau||I||Kei te hiainu au.|
|Second person||koe||you||Kei te kāinga koe?|
Are you at home?
|Third person||ia||she, he||I titiro ia ki te kurī.|
He looked at the dog.
Plural and Dual Pronouns
|PLURAL & DUAL PRONOUNS||Māori two||Māori three or more||English||Examples|
|First person plural(inclusive of listener)||tāua||tātou||we, us||Kāore tāua e mokemoke.|
We (the two of us) will not be lonely.
Mā tātou katoa tēnei mahi.
This work is for all of us.
|First person plural(exclusive of listener)||māua||mātou||we, us||I homai te koroua i te moni ki a māua.|
The old man gave the money to us (two, but not to you the listener)
I haere mātou ki te whare pikitia.
We (three or more) are going to the picture theatre (but not you the listener).
|Second person plural||kōrua||koutou||you||Me haere atu kōrua.|
You (two) had better go.
Greetings to you (three or more).
|Third person plural||rāua||rātou||they, them||E tākaro tēnehi ana rāua.|
They (two) are playing tennis.
He tamariki noa iho rātou.They (three or more) are only children.